Sergey S. Iurev and Anastasia Konyukhova of Russia’s National Association of Air Law provide key insights into Russian rules and regulations pertaining to aviation.
Although the Air Code of the Russian Federation of 1997 is the main law governing aviation, a large number of other regulations are piled on every year. Already this year 167 new regulations pertaining to aviation have been passed! Furthermore, the air law of Russia is constantly evolving. For example, over the last year the country enacted new regulations on the use of unmanned aircraft and created a unified system of air traffic organisation, among others.
One key regulatory development relates to passenger data transfer – both general flight data and biographical passenger data. For business aviation, there is usually no requirement for PNR-data transfer as operators either do not store this data or the data is only available after check-in. In the Russian Federation, air carriers who conduct unscheduled passenger transportation into, from or over Russian territory must transfer only the API data developed during passenger check in. This data must be transferred within 15 minutes of departure.